Mobile has the oldest organized Carnival in the U.S.
The last African slaves brought to the U.S. came to Mobile aboard the Clotilde in 1860. Among them was Kazoola, given the name Cudjoe Lewis, who lived till 1935 (94 years-old). He is believed to have been the last surviving African brought to the U.S. a slave. After the Civil War, Kazoola and others from his tribe requested repatriation to Togo. When they were denied, they established their own community near Mobile called Africatown.Kazoola and Abaché (aka Clara Turner, also a slave from the Clotilde) in Africatown in the 1910s.
Mobile passed its first segregation ordinance in 1902, pertaining to streetcars. Black citizens organized a two-month boycott, but the law was not repealed. But ahead of the rest of Alabama, Mobile buses and lunch counters desegregated by the early 1960s. A local public high school, however, was not desegregated until 1964, ten years after Brown v. Board of Education.
For 8,000 years, Native tribes had journeyed from all directions to soak in the “Valley of the Vapors.” Hernando de Soto and his company reached the hot springs in 1541.
The national park sits between Hot Springs Mountain and the town of Hot Springs, with some overlap. There are no longer natural thermal pools for visitors to enjoy, but some of the Gilded Age bath houses are still in operation along with modern spas.
Postcards from the following states are still on my wish list:
If you live in or visit any of these places, you can help! Send a postcard to:
3370 Glendale Blvd. Box 613
Los Angeles, CA 90039
Include your return address, and I’ll send you a postcard in thanks!